According to Alfred Nobel's will, the prize to champions of peace is to be awarded by a committee "of five persons, to be elected by the Norwegian Storting". The rules subsequently adopted by the Storting state that the members of the Nobel Committee are elected for six years terms, and can be re-elected. As far as possible, the composition of the Committee is to reflect the relative strengths of the political parties in the Storting. The Committee chooses its own chairman and deputy chairman. The Director of the Norwegian Nobel Institute serves as the Committee's secretary.

The adjudication needed for the award of the Peace Prize shall be carried out by the committee of the Norwegian Storting referred to in the will, known as the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

Statutes of the Nobel Foundation, § 6

Early decades

During the early decades of the Committee's work, it was normal for both incumbent representatives of the Storting and government ministers to be members. The first Committee thus consisted of Prime Minister Johannes Steen, Foreign Minister Jørgen Løvland, Storting representative John Lund, Professor of Law Bernhard Getz, and the national bard Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson.

Committee member criteria changes

With this heavy representation by prominent politicians, it became difficult over time to convince the surrounding world that the Committee was not influenced in its work by Norwegian authorities. In 1936, in connection with the Nobel Peace Prize award to Carl von Ossietzky, the practice was changed so as to bar current members of the Government from sitting on the Committee. In 1977, out of continued regard for the Committee's independence, a practice was imposed whereby current members of the Storting could no longer be elected to the Nobel Committee. At the same time, the Committee changed its name from the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Storting to the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

In 2017 the Storting formally decided that sitting members of Parliament are not eligible for membership in the Norwegian Nobel Committee. 

Follow this link for information about the Committee's mission.

Nobel Committee meeting room

The Nobel Committee conducts all its meetings in a special committee room at the Nobel Institute. The interior was designed by architect Carl Berner. On the walls of the committee room there are photo portraits of all individual laureates and the logos of all prize-winning institutions and organizations.

The Norwegian Nobel CommitteeThe Norwegian Nobel Committee 2021. From left: Anne Enger, Asle Toje (vice chair), Berit Reiss-Andersen (chair), Kristin Clemet, Olav Njølstad (secretary), Jørgen Watne Frydnes. © Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Ken Opprann.

Members of the Nobel Committee
 

Berit Reiss-Andersen

Berit Reiss-Andersen (b. 1954)
Chair of the Nobel Committee. Member of the Committee since 2012, reappointed for the period 2018-2023.

Asle Toje

Asle Toje (b. 1975)
Vice Chair of the Nobel Committee. Member of the Committee, appointed for the period 2018-2023.

Anne Enger

Anne Enger (b. 1949)
Member of the Committee since 2018, reappointed for the period 2021-2026.

Kristin Clemet

Kristin Clemet (b.1957)
Member of the Committee, appointed for the period 2021-2026.

Jørgen Watne Frydnes

Jørgen Watne Frydnes (b.1984)
Member of the Committee, appointed for the period 2021-2026.

Individual portraits: © Nobel Prize Outreach. Photo: Ken Opprann.